The Climate of Caves

The Hague, 2021

A short essay reflecting on the interior climate of caves, their specific atmospheric and phenomenological conditions, and their relation to sacred space and architecture. This essay was written for the publication Taming the Horror Vacui, taking as a point of reference the lecture A Seedless Grape - Conditions for Air, a talk by research-based artist James Beckett, who was invited by Rib to engage in conversation with Haseeb Ahmed and present his ongoing investigations into the subject of air conditioning.

About the publication:

Taming the Horror Vacui, unfolding the practice of artist Haseeb Ahmed at Rib, is also an artist publication. Edited and designed by Piero Bisello, it will consist of 9 issues to be released after each of the events with Ahmed's guests in the program. Participatory in nature, the publication will build a system of annotations in which a central image sourced from Ahmed’s work at Rib will be commented by external contributors, including workshop participants, citizens of Charlois and Rotterdam, artists, curators, scientists, and more.

Download pdf here: Taming the Horror Vacui_Issue 6_

On Perceptual Pluralism | how individuals exist in unique perceptual realities

M. Mus Thesis
ArtScience Interfaculty,
Royal Academy of Arts & Royal Conservatory, The Hague

The Hague, 2018



The senses provide us with direct awareness of the world as it is. We open our eyes, and there it all is, detailed, continuous and gap free. Every sane person shares the same perceptual experience of being in the world with everyone else.

Or not? Building upon contemporary theories of perception and cognition, I argue that people exist and function in unique perceptual realities. I analyse in what ways these realities differ, by explaining how perception is an active process–an action we do–and how knowledge affects perception. Furthermore I investigate the initial construction of these perceptual realities, their potential to shift and change during one's lifetime, and finally, how art can act as a facilitator of such shifts.


Download pdf here: [Leandros Ntolas]_On Perceptual Pluralism